Here is a summary of the main proposals for how to cut emissions of greenhouse gases, some more comprehensive than others:
- Systems for cutting emissions of greenhouse gases
- Aviation and shipping cap-and-trade.
- Cap and dividend.
- Cap and share. See the cap-and-share video.
- Carbon share.
- Contraction & convergence.
- Fee-and-dividend (James Hansen) is described in Copenhagen has given us the chance to face climate change with honesty (The Observer, 2009-12-27), in Sack Goldman Sachs Cap-and-Trade (PDF, 14 KB), and in Storms of my grandchildren, London: Bloomsbury, 2009.
- Global carbon trading: a framework for reducing emissions (PDF, 3.6 MB, Mark Lazarowicz MP, July 2009). This and related reports may also be downloaded from the DECC website.
- Greenhouse development rights.
- Kyoto1: the Kyoto protocol and associated schemes such as the EU ETS,
the CDM, voluntary carbon offsets, EU targets for cuts in emissions by member
countries, and more.
- Mexico proposal (PDF, 132 KB, 2008-08-13).
- Occupy Rio Plus 20. Item 5: ... Global Carbon Fee on extraction of fuels ....
- Personal carbon allowances.
- Safe carbon. See We shouldn't fret about the carbon footprint of Will.i.am's helicopter (The Guardian, Myles Allen, 2012-05-25); Is making carbon 'SAFE' the answer? and The case for mandatory sequestration (PDF), Myles R. Allen,
David J. Frame
Charles F. Mason, Nature Geoscience 2, 813 - 814 (2009), doi:10.1038/ngeo709.
- Solving the climate dilemma: the budget approach (PDF, 2.3 MB, German Advisory Council on Climate Change (WBGU), November 2008).
- Associated proposals
The main features of schemes to cut emissions of greenhouse gases are summarised in this table:
- Budget: a global budget for emissions of industrial greenhouse gases. 'Yes*' means that the importance of a global budget is given particular emphasis.
- U or D: "Upstream" or "downstream" controls?
- Funds: Proposes mechanisms to raise funds for mitigation and adaptation?
- GHG scope: The range of greenhouse gases that are controlled.